Al-Qur'an Online: Al Faatihah
Al Faatihah (Opening) revealed in Mecca and consists of 7 verses are the first letters down completely between the letters in the Qur'an and the letter belonged Makkiyyah. This letter is called Al Faatihah (Preamble), because the letter is opened and the beginning of the Quran. Named Ummul Quran (Koran parent) or Ummul Kitaab (Al-Kitaab mother) because she is the mother of all the contents of the Qur'an, and was therefore required to read in every prayer.
Similarly Named As Sab'ul matsaany (seven repetitive) for seven verses and read over and over in prayer.
This letter contains some basic elements that reflect the entire contents of the Qur'an, namely:
- Faith: Faith in God Almighty contained in paragraph 2, which stated unequivocally that all praise and thanksgiving for a favor it for God, because God is the Creator and source of all blessings found in nature. Among the favors were: creating favors, favors educate and grow, because the Lord of all words in the sentence Wed-'aalamiin not only mean God or Lord, but also connotes tarbiyah that educate and nurture. This shows that every blessing is seen by someone in himself and in all of nature comes from God, because God is the Supreme Sovereign in nature. Education, preservation and Growing by God in nature should be considered and thought out by man deeply, so that the source of various kinds of knowledge that can add to the majesty of human faith and the glory of God, and is useful for the community. Because faith (monotheism) is the basic problem, then in Al Faatihah not quite expressed by gesture alone, but confirmed and supplemented by paragraph 5, namely: Iyyaaka na'budu wa iyyaka nasta'iin (only you who we worship, and to You are my only we ask for help). The promise of reward for good deeds and bad deeds threat to. Referred to as The Master of the Day of Judgment is the day that God was in charge, everything is subject to His greatness while expecting favors and fear of punishment. This implies a promise to give the reward for good deeds and bad deeds threat to. Worship contained in paragraph 5 is intended solely to God
- The laws: The road of happiness and how should the path to obtaining happiness of the world and the hereafter. Mean "Hidayah" here is the guidance that the cause of failure by the safety, happiness of the world and the hereafter, whether the belief or morals, laws and lessons.
- The stories: Stories of the Prophets and the story of the people who oppose God first. Settled some of the verses of the Qur'an contains the stories of the Prophets and the story of the people who opposed the first. What is meant by those who were given favors in this verse, is the Prophets, the shiddieqiin (those who truly believe in), syuhadaa '(people who were martyred), shaalihiin (righteous people). People wrath and those who go astray, are groups that deviate from Islamic teachings.